The Itaipu Hydroelectric Power Plant, the largest in operation in the world, is a binational enterprise developed by Brazil and Paraguay on the Paraná River.
The installed power of the plant is 12 million and 600,000 kw, with 18 generating units of 700,000 kw each. As of 2004, Itaipu will have 20 units, expanding its installed capacity to 14 million kw. In 1999, Itaipu produced 93 billion kw-hours, a generation record never achieved by another hydroelectric plant in the world.
The plant is responsible for supplying 90% of the electricity consumed in Paraguay and 25% of all demand from the Brazilian market.
As an engineering work it was elected by the ASCE (American Society of Civil Engineering) as one of the Seven Wonders of the Modern World.
Some technical data:
The spillway, the largest in the world, has the capacity to drain 62,000m³/s of water.
The volume of concrete used was 12.3 million m³, enough to build a city for 4 million inhabitants.
Power: 700 mw
Voltage: 18 kv
Frequency: 50/60 hz
Water Quant.: 645 m3/s
Approximate weight: 6,600 t
Open to the general public, consists of an audiovisual displayed in the Visitor’s Center and a bus ride outside the dam with stops at lookouts for panoramic enjoyment. The route of the vehicles obeys a pre-established route by the safety of the Hydroelectric and the stops are restricted to the viewpoints.
Schedules: 8am, 9am, 10am, 11am, 12pm, 1pm, 2pm, 3pm, 4pm
These times are for the beginning of the movie
Tour duration from the hotel round trip: 2h30
Special Tourist Circuit
Open to the general public, it consists of an audiovisual displayed in the Visitors Center and a bus ride outside and some areas of the interior, with some stops: in the Central Lookout, in the Concrete Dam, in the Production Building for observation of the Cathedrals and access to the Central Command Room, in the Escape Channel and in the Gallery where the covers of the generating units of the plant are observed.
Schedules: 8.30am, 9am, 10.30am, 11am, 2pm, 2.30pm, 4.30pm and 4.30pm
– these times do not include the film
Minimum age: 14 years
Prerequisite: no slippers, sandals and shorts allowed during the visit.
Duration of the tour from the hotel round trip: 3h .
Exclusive to professionals in the area such as engineers, technicians, students of civil engineering, mechanical, electrical, technical schools and specially invited authorities. It is a visit to the external and internal parts of the Plant, with groups of a maximum of 12 people. The visitor will have the opportunity to reach the turbine shaft. The visit must be booked at least 2 weeks in advance and is guided by media officials.
Hours: 8am and 2pm
Minimum age: 16 years
Prerequisite: slippers, sandals and shorts are not allowed during the visit.
Duration of the tour from the hotel round trip: 3h30.
Operates Monday to Friday.
Wheelchair visitors: easy access in all visit categories